The development of law and legal procedures has taken centuries because each era comes with unique requirements that demand the application of different sets of laws. Many of the laws we have today were developed less than 50 years and this is because it is vital to have laws that are applicable in the modern times.
The development of law and changes thereon takes time and effort from different professionals. Most institutions are governed by laws that are developed by different experts and during the process of coming up with new laws these professionals look into other regions for ideas to perfect their work.
This art of comparing laws available in different places is what is commonly referred to as comparative law. In essence, comparative law provides an easy way for experts to compare the laws applied in different regions and how each of these laws help in the administration of justice. Comparative law also helps professionals to understand the drawbacks of specific laws with reference to others and this also leads to development by eliminating parts that seem to derail the progress that is expected of some laws.
In the early 18th century, scholars from across Europe toured different places gathering information about different laws used at the time. This process was conducted to help in the development of better legislative structures and during the entire process, the scholars were able to compare laws from different regions. This is how comparative law developed and its application thereafter became intense, thereby growing to become a specialty of its own. Today, government institutions and legislators use comparative law in the process of developing constitutions and laws to govern institutions.
About Sujit Choudhry
Sujit Choudhry is recognized internationally as a key authority in constitutional law and development. His work has seen the development of constitutions and laws for countries and institutions across the world. He often addresses basic methodological questions in the space of comparative constitutional development. Sujit Choudhry has written about constitutional design and tools applicable to manage transition from chaos and conflict.
Dean Sujit Choudhry also works as a member of the Media Roster of the United Nations and he has been a consultant on constitutional matters to the World Bank for many years. He often supports constitutional transitions while working with institutions like the International Institute for Electoral Assistance and Democracy, United Nation Development Program as well as the Nepal Bar Association.